Action by Incorporator/More Info


Action by Incorporator  
Additional Information 
 
The application Action by Incorporator, and other incorporation documents, are designed for corporations formed in Delaware or one of the other states following Delaware law.  Many states have adopted the Delaware corporate law, which allows one person (or entity) to act as incorporator and form a corporation.  Other states may require more than one incorporator.  The application Action by Incorporator form can be customized to address either situation. 

Once the Action by Incorporator is signed by the incorporators, it should be placed in the corporation's minute book.  If you have more than one incorporator and all are not available to sign at the same time, each may sign a separate action by incorporator document, but all of the signed originals should be placed in the corporation's minute book. 


Bylaws 

The incorporators may also need to adopt a set of initial bylaws for the corporation (like those in the application Bylaws document).  All corporations must have bylaws, but each state has different requirements on who may adopt the initial bylaws.  In some states, only the board of directors may adopt the bylaws, while in other states the incorporators may adopt the bylaws.  Some states require the shareholders to adopt the initial bylaws.  Following is a list of states, with each state's rule on who must adopt the corporation's initial bylaws: 

Included with this document is advice on the law in each state on various matters.  This information is extracted from statutes and case law in each state, and is general only.  The number of directors and other requirements of a state's law change from time to time.   

Consult with an attorney or with the appropriate state office for more information. 
 
Alabama - Incorporators or directors 
Alaska - Directors (more below) 
Arizona - Incorporators or directors 
Arkansas - Incorporators or directors 
California - Incorporators, directors or shareholders 
Colorado - Incorporators, directors or shareholders 
Connecticut - Shareholders (more below) 
Delaware - Incorporators or directors (more below) 
District of Columbia - Incorporators or directors (more below) 
Florida - Incorporators or directors 
Georgia - Incorporators or directors 
Hawaii - Directors 
Idaho - Directors 
Illinois - Incorporators or directors (more below) 
Indiana - Incorporators or directors 
Iowa - Incorporators or directors 
Kansas - Incorporators or directors (more below) 
Kentucky - Incorporators or directors 
Louisiana - Incorporators or directors (more below) 
Maine - Directors (more below) 
Maryland - Directors 
Massachusetts - Directors (more below) 
Michigan - Incorporators, directors or shareholders 
Minnesota - Incorporators or directors (more below) 
Mississippi - Incorporators or directors 
Missouri - Directors 
Montana - Incorporators or directors 
Nebraska - Shareholders 
Nevada - Shareholders (more below) 
New Hampshire - Incorporators or directors 
New Jersey - Directors 
New Mexico - Directors 
New York - Incorporators or directors 
North Carolina - Incorporators or directors 
North Dakota - Incorporators or directors (more below) 
Ohio - Shareholders (more below) 
Oklahoma - Incorporators or directors (more below) 
Oregon - Incorporators or directors 
Pennsylvania - Directors (more below) 
Puerto Rico - Incorporators or directors 
Rhode Island - Incorporators or directors 
South Carolina - Incorporators or directors 
South Dakota - Directors 
Tennessee - Incorporators or directors 
Texas - Directors 
Utah - Directors  
Vermont - Incorporators or directors 
Virginia - Incorporators or directors 
Washington - Incorporators or directors 
West Virginia - Directors 
Wisconsin - Incorporators, directors or shareholders 
Wyoming - Incorporators or directors 

In Alabama, the District of Columbia, Illinois, Louisiana, Minnesota and North Dakota, the power to adopt the initial bylaws is vested in the board of directors, unless the power is reserved for the shareholders in the Articles of Incorporation. 

Maine, Massachusetts, and Pennsylvania grant the authority to adopt initial bylaws to the shareholders, but permit the Articles of Incorporation to vest the authority in the board of directors.   

Delaware, Oklahoma and Kansas allow the directors or incorporators to adopt the initial bylaws, but only if no stock has been purchased.  After the first stock purchase, the authority to adopt the bylaws is granted to the shareholders, unless the articles expressly vest the authority in the board of directors.  These states also provide that even if the power has been conferred upon the directors, the stockholders also retain the power to adopt, amend or repeal the bylaws. 

Alaska provides bylaws may be adopted, amended or repealed by approval of shareholders or the board, subject to restrictions or limitations in the Articles of Incorporation.   

Connecticut requires the initial bylaws to be adopted at the organizational meeting provided that if there are no shareholders entitled to vote at the time of that meeting, the incorporators adopt the bylaws. 

New York and Puerto Rico expressly provide that the initial bylaws are to be adopted by the incorporators at the organizational meeting. 

In Ohio, the bylaws type documents are called "regulations" and are adopted by the shareholders.  An Ohio corporation may also have "bylaws" which speak only to the board's governance. 

In Nevada, directors may make bylaws only if none have been adopted by the stockholders.